Legal Showdowns in Reproductive Health: Notable Contraceptive Lawsuits

Contraceptives have played a pivotal role in shaping reproductive rights and women’s health. While these innovations offer essential choices for family planning, some have found themselves entangled in legal disputes due to alleged adverse effects. This article delves into famous lawsuits against various contraceptives, highlighting the legal, medical, and social complexities that have arisen.

The Pill’s Legal Debate

Birth control pills, a fundamental part of modern contraception, have encountered legal conflicts. In the 1960s, the Griswold v. Connecticut case led to a significant Supreme Court decision allowing contraceptive usage for married couples. Yet, later legal disputes arose, citing severe health problems associated with specific pill variants. 

Notably, birth control pills like Yaz and Yasmin bore substantial legal consequences, proving costly for Bayer. The company confronted a barrage of lawsuits connected to Yaz and Yasmin, stemming from women’s use of these newer-generation contraceptives. 

Allegations pointed to life-threatening risks like blood clots, heart attacks, stroke, and gallbladder injuries. By January 2016, Bayer had committed to paying approximately $2.04 billion to settle around 10,300 claims related to blood-clot injuries, $21.5 million for 7,200 gallbladder injury claims, and $56.9 million for nearly 1,200 cases involving strokes and heart attacks.

IUDs in the Legal Spotlight

Intrauterine devices (IUDs) have not been immune to legal disputes. In recent times, manufacturers of the Paragard IUD have faced several lawsuits that revolve around alleged life-threatening repercussions. These lawsuits predominantly center on a purported design flaw in the Paragard IUD, which purportedly causes the device to break during removal. 

This malfunction can result in fragments of the device remaining lodged within the uterus or other internal organs, leading to injuries. The core argument in the Paragard lawsuit is that the manufacturers neglected to adequately caution healthcare professionals and patients about these risks. 

As a consequence, they assert enduring a range of incapacitating effects due to the Paragard IUD removal, with some individuals even necessitating surgical intervention.

In December 2020, the Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation made a significant move by consolidating numerous lawsuits nationwide. According to TorHoerman Law, these cases were centralized in the Northern District of Georgia, under the jurisdiction of Judge Leigh Martin May. By June 2023, developments have led to the scheduling of the first bellwether trial, set to take place in January 2024.

Essure’s Controversial Journey

In recent times, Essure, a non-surgical contraceptive implant, has garnered substantial legal scrutiny. This is attributed to a series of lawsuits alleging that the device is responsible for severe injuries, including organ perforation and chronic pain. 

Thousands of American women pursued legal action against Bayer, asserting that Essure’s devastating side effects had a profound impact on their lives. Lawsuits claim that Bayer neglected to report critical side effects, like perforated organs and broken devices, to both the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and the public.

For many women, Essure’s adverse effects began immediately after implantation. Lawsuits recount instances where the devices moved from the fallopian tubes, damaging nearby organs, or breaking into fragments, causing havoc within their bodies. 

After a meeting between the Ensure Problems group and the FDA, the agency imposed restrictions on sales and implemented black box warnings for the device. Consequently, Bayer announced its decision to halt Essure’s U.S. sales on December 31, 2018, attributing this move to declining sales.

Close to two years following Bayer’s discontinuation of Essure sales in the U.S., the company agreed to pay $1.6 billion to resolve all U.S. Essure-related claims. The settlement amounts vary based on the extent of damage caused to each plaintiff. In its announcement on August 20, 2020, Bayer emphasized that the settlement agreements do not entail an acknowledgment of wrongdoing or liability on the company’s part.

NuvaRing’s Complex Litigation

NuvaRing, a flexible vaginal ring delivering hormonal contraception, became embroiled in a complex legal situation marked by multi-district litigation. Lawsuits claimed that the product led to occurrences of blood clots, strokes, and heart attacks. This case exemplifies the intricate interplay of personal health considerations, product liability, and informed consent. 

As users of NuvaRing encountered venous thromboembolisms (VTEs), questions emerged regarding the manufacturers’ awareness of risks and their responsibility to warn users.

In light of increasing fatalities and severe injuries linked to VTEs, heart attacks, and strokes, women and surviving family members took action. They launched a series of lawsuits against the manufacturers, seeking accountability for the alleged consequences. These legal actions aimed to address the implications tied to product usage. 

Common threads ran through their stories: healthy women who embraced NuvaRing only to suffer serious medical consequences, sometimes leading to tragic outcomes.

For instance, Janis Mitchell-McGuire began using the contraceptive in 2004. Just six months later, at the age of 28, she experienced a pulmonary embolism (PE). Hospitalized twice and prescribed anticoagulation medications, she filed a lawsuit against Merck in 2008.

Similarly, LaMonica Green, at the age of 17, began using NuvaRing in 2009. Within weeks, she faced a pulmonary embolism and tragically lost her life. Her mother pursued a wrongful death lawsuit. 

In another instance, Dana Jenn, a 40-year-old runner without a history of blood clots, experienced a sudden collapse during a 2005 treadmill session. The cause was attributed to an abrupt shortness of breath. Hours later, she passed away from PE. In 2007, her daughter, Sarah Jenn, filed a lawsuit. 

In total, more than 2,100 lawsuits surfaced in state and federal courts. Women and families stood as claimants, contending that their assertions centered around inadequate testing of etonogestrel, the progestin hormone in NuvaRing. Furthermore, they emphasized their claim that reliance on studies of oral contraceptives for safety assessments was integral to their legal action.


Famous lawsuits against various contraceptives reflect the complex interplay between personal choice, medical science, and legal accountability. While these cases shed light on potential risks associated with contraception, they also underscore the importance of rigorous research, transparent communication, and responsible manufacturing. 

As the legal landscape continues to evolve, these lawsuits remind us of the intricate balance between individual rights and collective well-being. As you navigate contraceptive options, it’s essential to stay informed about potential risks, consult with healthcare professionals, and make choices that align with your personal health goals.


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